TELEPHONE SOCKET WIRING - HOW TO DO IT

 

phone line wiring diagram uk

With the telephone wiring diagram below you will not only accomplish a project on your own, you will keep that money in your pocket where it belongs. Phone companies would love you to think that you should not do your own wiring, but I am here to dispel that myth. You will have a wide variety of telephone jacks to choose from but the wiring for a single line phone service will be standard. Keep in mind that the colors of the telephone wiring in your home will be typically one of two types or insulation colors. Older telephone wiring was a basic Cat-3, 4 conductor or 2-pairs with red, green, black, yellow. NOTE: Line 1 is usually the only telephone line you need to connect (Red and Green). Additional lines would be need for a fax machine or second phone line (naturally) Great! Now you have the home telephone wiring you have always desired. Once you have completed all your connections, it is possible you may have some problems.


Telephone wiring diagram


This page describes how to wire and cable telephone sockets in the UK only. As with all electrical work, if you are not trained or experienced in such matters, then the advice is to seek the expertise of a professional.

Sockets can only be installed on the new plug and socket system. If your phones are connected to a connector as shown in the picture below then you must contact your exchange service provider to have a Master socket installed.

You may wire off the Master Socket. Tools You will also need tools to wire a socket and these should be in good condition. The tools required are Eye Shields Planning Before you start plan the cable route. The sockets wire from the Master and then follow from socket to socket. If you cable to the 1st floor then consider going external - usually via the front window - up the wall - and in the bedroom window.

This is because running the cable up the stairs is normally a pain and involves cabling over numerous doors, phone line wiring diagram uk. Do not go under carpets and do not run cables behind doors. The top of the skirting board is a good place to start.

Fitting the Socket If the sockets are fitted after the house is built, then surface mounted phone line wiring diagram uk the best option.

These should be fixed to the wall or skirting board with the appropriate fixings. Always wear eye shields when drilling.

WARNING - Before attaching the socket to the wall, ensure that you have selected a position where you will not hit any concealed pipes or electrical cables. Check with a cable locator - purchase at a DIY shop.

Remember to keep the sockets well clear of the floor to avoid damage by floor cleaning equipment and to enable the cable to be brought neatly out of the socket box and on to the skirting board. Once you have decided on the positions for the sockets, phone line wiring diagram uk, carefully cut out the appropriate cable entry hole in the side or base of each socket using a sharp knife.

Mount the sockets in position, using the two screws and plastic wall plugs supplied with each socket. The socket box mounting holes are slotted to allow horizontal and vertical adjustment before tightening the screws fully. Cabling House telephone wiring uses cable containing six 0. It is important that this size of wire is used or a good electrical connection cannot be guaranteed and there could be problems in the future with the system.

Never use stranded wire, mains cable or bell wire. Run the cables to the Extension socket positions in accordance with your plan. Damaged cable may cause faulty operation or damage to the system and must be replaced, phone line wiring diagram uk, not taped up.

You can also use two cleats as phone line wiring diagram uk to hold a cable bend neatly in place, not a single cleat on the bend. Next cut away the unwanted sheath with phone line wiring diagram uk side cutters. Do not remove the PVC insulation from the wires themselves. Fix the cable sheath s neatly to the cable mount on the faceplate of the socket using the nylon tie provided with the socket.

Put the cable in place and tighten the tie see diagram below. Cable securing methods may differ depending on the make of the socket. Spread out the individual wires so that you can identify the colours.

In each socket the wiring HAS to be connected as follows Incorrect wiring may cause faulty operation or damage to the system. Terminating the wires No wire stripping or soldering is necessary to make a good termination.

Always wear eye shields when using IDC tools as the wire ends can fly off. This is essential, as not only will the tool be phone line wiring diagram uk but also the wire will not be terminated properly if the tool is incorrectly used.

It is recommended that you practice first by placing the IDC tool over a terminal, without a wire in place. In the correct position the tool will easily slide as far as the chamfer of the plastic insulator on the terminal. Leaving a small amount of slack in the wire place the wire to be terminated in the appropriate slot of the terminal. Put the tool into phone line wiring diagram uk. A firm vertically applied pressure to the tool will force the wire into the connector fork and the connection is made.

You will hear it go into place. Then remove any excess wire beyond the connector with the wire side cutters. The picture shows the cheap wiring tool, if the Krone version is used, then the scissors side locates in the recessed side shown to the right in the picture. The Krone tool also automatically cuts off the spare wire. If two cables are to be connected to the socket, a second wire will need to be inserted at the same terminal. Each wire must be inserted individually and not both at once.

Ensure that wires are pushed into the connector fork fully, one on top of the other. The socket will only accommodate two cables maximum. Where two wires are to be terminated at the same terminal, make sure that the colours of the wires from each cable match each other. After you have made the three terminations on one side of the socket, phone line wiring diagram uk, e. If you should make a mistake, a wire can be removed by pulling it upwards out of the connector fork. Do not attempt to reinsert the same part of the wire until the damaged portion has been cut off.

Leave each terminated socket out of its box for the moment. Lay the wires down onto the socket to make a neat job and then securely fix the socket to the back box. Testing Check for dial tone at each socket and then ask a friend to call you back.

Whilst the line is ringing, plug a phone into each socket to ensure that it rings, phone line wiring diagram uk.

If not check the termination on pin 3 of the socket. What to do if you need to call your exchange supplier about a fault on your line. Straight Runs Fixing on Corners. Home page. A - Z Index. Glossary of Telecom Terminology. Quick Find. All Telephone Systems.

 

DIY Home Telephone Wiring

 

phone line wiring diagram uk

 

NOTE: Line 1 is usually the only telephone line you need to connect (Red and Green). Additional lines would be need for a fax machine or second phone line (naturally) Great! Now you have the home telephone wiring you have always desired. Once you have completed all your connections, it is possible you may have some problems. Lets go over the basics of telephone wiring. Once you understand the basics, troubleshooting becomes a breeze. It may be time consuming, but a breeze. And at $40 or more for a half hour's service from the telephone repair guy, the wind will be at your back!! The really basic basics of telephone wiring. This article explains how to wire a UK telephone extension. A normal phone can be plugged directly into the socket remaining in the wall to test if the line is OK. The Wiring: Wiring inside a master socket Note that with the two rightmost 2 wire examples in the diagram going from RJ11 to BT will involve the colour code going "wrong" at.